为什么ODAPP官网会觉得别人有吸引力? What gives our chosen partner that edge over someone else? 好吧, 心理学 has the answer 而且 it's less romantic than you think. 蒂姆·琼斯博士,主管 心理学院 探索吸引力的科学,并问:

吸引力——这和爱有什么关系呢?

答案可能是非常少. ODAPP官网被明星的浪漫故事所吸引,就像ODAPP官网被《ODAPP官网》中的舞蹈套路或《ODAPP官网》中的丛林农夫审判一样! 每一部电视剧都有小报头条,讲述另一对明星情侣的浪漫经历,他们似乎在镜头后找到了爱情,但几个月后,随着拍摄结束,他们的爱情很快就破灭了.

在数百万人面前跳阿根廷探戈或被关在一个被蟑螂包围的密闭空间时,心跳加速可能为这种现象提供了一个解释. 心跳加快, dilated pupils 而且 dry mouth are all physiological reactions associated with physical attraction. 他们是, 然而, 还有与ODAPP官网的战斗/逃跑反应相关的反应或者更具体地说,是自主神经系统交感神经的激活. 这种无意识的控制系统提供了一种进化优势,可以让ODAPP官网准备逃离危险的环境,也可以让ODAPP官网留下来与之战斗. 这就是兴奋的混淆和错误归因可能发生的地方,因为当ODAPP官网被身体吸引和“爱上”某人时,ODAPP官网都会经历相同的生理变化,就像ODAPP官网面临危险或感到焦虑时一样.

A shot of the bridge that leads into the camp in I'm a Celebrity get me out of here.
The bridge on the way into the 'I'm a Celebrity...“带我离开这里”丛林营地.

In 1974, 达顿和阿隆操纵了参与者的心率,以证明ODAPP官网很容易错误地将觉醒归因. 这项研究, 一个相对简单的问题, 要求参与者步行穿过悬挂在深峡谷上的一座非常高而摇晃的桥,或步行穿过横跨小溪的一座低矮而稳定的桥. 高吊桥显然令人焦虑,因为男性参与者拿着扶手慢慢地走过桥,他们认为这座桥更可怕. When asked to respond to a story prompt by a female interviewer they also provided more racy themes.

当走在矮桥上时,相反的情况发生了,参与者走得很快,并提供了相当平静的故事. 这位女采访者还向参与者提供了她的电话号码,表示如果他们对研究结果感兴趣,可以在研究结束后给她打电话. There are no prizes for guessing who called – it was the men who walked across the high, swaying 而且 more dangerous bridge where their level of arousal had been increased. The men in this group had clearly misattributed their level of arousal to attraction rather than fear.

Misattribution of arousal happens when our brains are unable to label the emotions we are feeling. 而不是, we search for external cues in our environment to help us underst而且 而且 process those emotions. 沙克特-辛格的情绪双因素理论认为,当生理唤醒发生时,ODAPP官网会经历情绪,ODAPP官网会利用周围的环境来寻找情绪线索来标记ODAPP官网的唤醒. 当明星们面对着令人焦虑的银制钟,或者即将踏上《ODAPP官网》舞池的第一步时, 毫无疑问,他们会经历心跳加速,在寻找周围环境中出现这种情况的原因时,他们会错误地转向对方,并将这种兴奋归因于吸引力而不是恐惧.

两双舞鞋的特写镜头
Can the proximity of your dance partner create a feeling of attraction?

Of course other factors are likely to play their part in televised celebrity relationships; proximity, similarity 而且 positivity are all key in determining levels of attraction. 无论明星们是在威尔士城堡里还是在舞蹈工作室里度过他们的时光,他们都花了大量的时间在一起, will have common ground 而且 will look for positivity in challenging situations. Each of these factors plays its h而且 in the game of attraction.

确定吸引力的程度, who we find 而且 maintain attracted to is more complicated than physiological arousal or proximity. 西尔弗曼的匹配假说认为,ODAPP官网会寻找和自己有相似吸引力的人,因为被外表上更有吸引力的人拒绝会损害ODAPP官网的自尊和, 为了努力, 为了保护这一点,ODAPP官网寻找相似性. 吸引力本身并不是没有问题,研究表明,ODAPP官网更容易被“普通”脸所吸引,而不是那些特征鲜明或醒目的脸. 从多张脸中提取出平均特征的脸似乎被认为比其他类型的脸更有吸引力.

At this point the game of attraction seems unthinkably complicated; physiological arousal cannot be relied upon, 仅仅是亲近, 积极或相似是不够的,定义特征可能会让ODAPP官网输掉游戏. 社会交换理论或许可以为一段成功的恋爱关系提供答案,也可以解释为什么名人在最初被错误地归咎于丛林(或城堡)的情感迸发之后,很快就会坠入爱河. Long-term attraction is based on the balance between cost 而且 reward. 在一段关系中,付出的代价越多,得到的回报越少,ODAPP官网对伴侣的吸引力就越低,这段关系就越有可能结束. ODAPP官网也会寻找那些有吸引力的人,他们能够满足ODAPP官网的需求,并在他们的外表之外提供社会回报. 

那么,ODAPP官网的名人怎么办呢? 一旦在布莱克浦跳舞的兴奋感消失了,更衣室的距离也过去了, the initial similarities felt by celebrity couples may start to turn into differences. 如果ODAPP官网的新情侣中有一方比对方更渴望媒体的关注,或者花更多的时间在Instagram上,那么潜在的灾难就会出现——成本和回报的不平衡. 

Whilst we are not celebrities we can learn from the laws of attraction, 避免错误归因性唤起的陷阱,努力寻找长期吸引力的平衡,这样做有助于找到成功的关系. 

心理学 can help us underst而且 the world around us 而且 we can specialise depending on our interests in 业务, 临床、 咨询法医心理学 or 运动与运动心理学. 蒂姆·琼斯博士 is Head of 心理学 at Worcester, 尽管蒂姆是认知心理学家, he has taught a wide range of modules 而且 content including; research methods, 生物心理学, 认知神经科学, 个体差异, 社会心理学和环境心理学.

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